What is the difference between PU and EVA?

difference between PU and EVA

PU (Polyurethane) and EVA (Ethylene-vinyl acetate) are both types of foam materials commonly used in various applications. While they share some similarities, there are also distinct differences between them.

1. Composition:

– PU: Polyurethane foam is a synthetic material made by reacting polyols (a type of alcohol) with diisocyanates (a type of chemical compound). It can have a wide range of properties depending on the specific formulation.
– EVA: Ethylene-vinyl acetate foam is a copolymer foam made from blending ethylene and vinyl acetate together. The amount of vinyl acetate in the blend determines the properties of the foam.

2. Density and Softness:

– PU: Polyurethane foam comes in a variety of densities ranging from low to high. It can be formulated to have different levels of softness or firmness depending on the application.
– EVA: EVA foam typically has a lower density compared to most polyurethane foams. It is generally softer and more flexible, providing cushioning and shock absorption.

3. Performance:

– PU: Polyurethane foam offers excellent durability, resilience, and load-bearing capacity. It has good resistance to compression set (the ability to retain its shape after being compressed) and provides long-term support.
– EVA: EVA foam has good cushioning properties, making it suitable for impact absorption. It is lightweight, waterproof, and resistant to UV radiation, making it commonly used in sports equipment, footwear, and packaging.

4. Applications:

– PU: Polyurethane foam is widely used in various industries, including furniture, automotive, bedding, insulation, and packaging. It can be found in mattresses, cushions, car seats, insulation panels, and more.
– EVA: EVA foam is commonly used in athletic footwear, flip-flops, exercise mats, protective padding, packaging inserts, and children’s toys. It is also used in some industrial applications for sealing and gasketing purposes.

In summary, PU foam is known for its versatility, high density, and durability, while EVA foam is favored for its softness, flexibility, cushioning properties, and lightweight nature. The choice between PU and EVA depends on the specific requirements of the application and the desired performance characteristics.

Related product links: https://www.eva-block.com/product/camouflage-eva-foam-sheet/.

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