EVA vs Polyurethane Foam: A Technical Comparison

  When it comes to foam materials, two of the most popular options are EVA (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) and Polyurethane. Both materials are widely used in various industries due to their unique properties and applications. In this technical article, we will compare EVA and Polyurethane foam in terms of their composition, properties, and applications.

EVA vs Polyurethane Foam


  EVA foam is a copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate. The ratio of these two components can be adjusted to achieve different properties. On the other hand, Polyurethane foam is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links. It is typically produced by reacting polyols with diisocyanates or polymeric isocyanates in the presence of suitable catalysts and additives.


  Both EVA and Polyurethane foam have unique properties that make them suitable for different applications.

  a. Flexibility: EVA foam is known for its good flexibility and elasticity, making it ideal for applications where cushioning and impact absorption are important. Polyurethane foam, on the other hand, can range from soft and flexible to rigid and sturdy, depending on the formulation.

  b. Durability: Both EVA and Polyurethane foam are durable materials that can withstand repeated use and abuse. However, Polyurethane foam tends to have better resistance to compression set and fatigue, making it more suitable for long-term load-bearing applications.

  c. Chemical Resistance: EVA foam has good chemical resistance and is resistant to many solvents and chemicals. Polyurethane foam, on the other hand, can be formulated to have excellent resistance to oil, grease, and other chemicals, making it suitable for demanding industrial applications.

  d. Temperature Resistance: EVA foam has good low-temperature flexibility and can maintain its properties in cold environments. Polyurethane foam, depending on the formulation, can be designed to withstand high temperatures without significant degradation.


  EVA foam finds applications in various industries such as footwear, packaging, automotive, and sports equipment due to its cushioning and impact absorption properties. It is also used in medical devices and prosthetics where flexibility and comfort are essential.

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