How to choose EVA for making diabetic insoles?

  Diabetic footwear plays a crucial role in the management and prevention of diabetic foot ulcers. One of the key components of such footwear is the insole, which provides cushioning and support. Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) is a popular material for insole manufacturing due to its unique properties. This report aims to analyze the suitability of EVA for diabetic insoles and provide guidelines for selection.

EVA sheet

  Properties of EVA

  Cushioning and Shock Absorption: EVA is known for its excellent shock-absorbing capabilities, which are essential for diabetic patients to reduce foot stress and prevent ulcers.

  Lightweight: EVA is a lightweight material, making it suitable for footwear that needs to be worn for extended periods without causing fatigue.

  Durability: EVA has good wear resistance, ensuring the longevity of the insoles.

  Moldability: EVA can be easily molded into different shapes and thicknesses, allowing for customization according to the patient’s foot contours and requirements.

  Chemical Resistance: EVA is resistant to most chemicals, including those found in perspiration, making it suitable for use in footwear.

  Considerations for Selecting EVA for Diabetic Insoles

  Density: Higher-density EVA provides better cushioning and support but may be less flexible. Lower-density EVA is more flexible but may not provide adequate support. The ideal density should be chosen based on the patient’s specific needs and the intended use of the footwear.

  Thickness: The thickness of the EVA insole affects its cushioning properties. Thicker insoles provide more cushioning but may alter the fit of the footwear. The thickness should be selected based on the patient’s comfort and the requirements of the footwear.

  Firmness: Diabetic patients often require a certain degree of firmness in their insoles to provide support and prevent foot deformation. EVA can be formulated to achieve the desired firmness while maintaining comfort.

  Moisture Management: EVA’s moisture-wicking properties can help keep the feet dry, reducing the risk of skin maceration and ulceration. However, the material’s ability to manage moisture can vary depending on its formulation and the addition of other materials.

  Allergenicity: While EVA itself is generally non-allergenic, additives or processing agents used during manufacturing may cause allergic reactions in some individuals. It is important to ensure that the EVA used for insoles is hypoallergenic.


  EVA is a suitable material for diabetic insoles due to its excellent cushioning, lightweight, durability, moldability, and chemical resistance. However, careful consideration of factors such as density, thickness, firmness, moisture management, and allergenicity is essential to ensure the effectiveness and safety of the insoles. Manufacturers should collaborate with healthcare professionals to understand the specific needs of diabetic patients and tailor the EVA insoles accordingly.

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